Ancient Rome (Imperial) 42 AD Claudius Copper As Minerva S# 1862 Fine
Obverse: Bare bust of Claudius to left, legend around. Legend: TI CLAUDIUS CAESAR AUG PM TRP IMP PP
Reverse: Minerva advancing right, with shield and spear. Legend: SC
Reference Numbers: S# 1862
Diameter: 29.40mm Weight: 9.98g Metal: Copper
A problem free example with a strong portrait.Claudius, the uncle of Caligula, was the son of Nero Claudius Drusus and Antonia. He was born on August 1, 10 BC, and was frequently ill as a child. Afflicted by a speech impediment (thought to possibly be Tourrette’s syndrome), he tended to stay clear of public life. He was an ardent student of history and resigned himself to the life of a scholar.
When Caligula was murdered in 41 A.D., the Praetorian Guard proclaimed Claudius emperor (to his surprise) which was soon confirmed by the Senate. Like Caligula, he honoured the memory of his family - fortunately, there the similarities between them ended.
Unlike Caligula, Claudius was sensitive to the position of the Senate as well as the Praetorian Guard, and his first coins paid due respect to both of these institutions.
Claudius restored the policies of Augustus and initiated a new round of public works. He also reformed the courts and restored justice to the empire. His armies were successful in Germany and also began the invasion of Britain. Claudius was popular with the people of Rome and restored many of the festivals and public entertainments of earlier days.
Although the coinage of Claudius is quite conservative in comparison with that of Nero, the introduction of allegorical figures (Spes, Libertas and Constantia) paved the way for important changes in numismatic narrative.
The inclusion of the Roman God Minerva on the reverse of this coin may relate to the invasion of Britain - first planned by Claudius in 40 A.D., however not actually initiated until 43 AD. The known issue date of this coin doesn't seem to match up however, it would be interesting to find out just what the inclusion of Minerva ( the Roman goddess of wisdom and sponsor of arts, trade, and defense) was intended to refer to in this instance.
This small copper coin dating to Rome's second emperor is obviously reasonably worn, however despite the wear across both sides, the main detail in the portrait and reverse remains clear.
It is an attractive and affordable example from the second emperor of Rome.
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